Eureka Stockade Gardens

Eureka Stockade GardensThe Eureka Stockade Gardens are significant for their association with the Eureka Stockade rebellion of 3 December 1854. The goldminers’ revolt against the goldfields administration, and particularly the loss of life (33 miners, 5 soldiers) resulting from the insurrection, is a major event in Australia’s political and social history.

The rebellion was fuelled by discontent with the mining licence, which the diggers claimed was taxation without representation and a tax upon labour. More generally, the uprising was underpinned by a desire for fair treatment for all, and an egalitarian spirit which pervaded the goldfields. The rebellion led to a fairer goldfields system with the licence replaced by the cheaper Miners Right, which also gave miners the vote. Various other political changes were achieved, helping the process of democratizing colonial government in Victoria and more generally the Australian colonies. The Eureka Stockade uprising is part of the national experience

Regarding the attributes of the place, there is little or no surviving above ground evidence dating from the time of the rebellion, and thus the value is in the place mainly for its associational significance. However, the place also has potential to yield archaeological evidence. Of the aboveground elements that are present, the most important is the 1884 Monument and the surrounding square of trees, owing to it being the earliest attempt to mark the location of the Stockade.

Excepting Indigenous resistance to colonial dominance, rebellion against government authority has been a rare occurrence in Australia’s European history. Eureka in Victoria, Vinegar Hill (ie Castle Hill) in NSW, First Government House Site (Rum Rebellion) NSW, and Norfolk Island are the major sites of uprisings (as opposed to places of protest/resistance/riot, such as Barcaldine Shearers Strike Camp, Wave Hill Station, ‘Battle of Brisbane’ site etc). While there is little above ground evidence of the event that took place at Ballarat, and while the exact location is not agreed upon, the Eureka Stockade Gardens are very important for their association with this uncommon and highly significant event in the nation’s past.

 

Castlemaine Diggings

Castlemaine Diggings

Castlemaine was one of the major gold rushes of Victoria and of Australia. In 1852 the goldfield had acquired a population of 30,000 and was by then regarded as the richest goldfield in the world. Significant mining continued for many decades, and some mining has

Budj Bim National Heritage Landscape

Budj Bim National Heritage Landscape

The Tyrendarra area is of outstanding heritage value because it contains the remains of a complex system of natural and artificially created wetlands, channels, the stone bases of weirs and stone fish traps that were used by Gunditj Mara people to grow and harvest eels

 

This document has been prepared by the Australian Government’s Department of Environment and Heritage. The help received from Australian government departments, associated organisations and other authorities is gratefully acknowledged.

 

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